Netherlands Embassy and Consulates, China

Peace and Justice

The Netherlands is the only country in the world where promoting international law is enshrined in the constitution. The Kingdom is strongly committed to the international legal order and works actively to promote peace and development worldwide. The Netherlands seeks a world in which people everywhere can be sure that justice will prevail. The Dutch dedication to international law has made The Hague the headquarters of numerous multinational legal institutions. The Hague is home to no less than 160 international institutes and agencies, employing 18.000 servants of peace.

The Netherlands works closely with the global community to advance legal structures and values that protect those without their own voice. The Netherlands also plays a role in preventing and resolving conflicts through its involvement in international peacekeeping missions. The Dutch commitment to peace and justice helps form the foundation of a more equitable, peaceful and stable world.

Major General(ret) Patrick Cammaert was in Beijing as the lead instructor at a training course at the People’s Liberation Army Training Centre. He was invited by United Nations Women to discuss the Protection of Civilians and the role of female military officers in peacekeeping operations among other topics.

The history of the development of The Hague into the ‘legal capital of the world’ began in 1893, when the Nobel Prize Laureate-to-be Tobias Asser founded the ‘The Hague Conference on Private International Law’. Six mere years later, The Hague was the stage for the first International Peace Conference, where peace and disarmament were discussed. This conference is seen as the first multilateral diplomatic effort to develop and codify certain rules of general international law.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was the result of the experience of the Second World War. With the end of that war, and the creation of the United Nations, the international community vowed to never allow atrocities like those of the Second World War to happen again. World leaders decided to complement the UN Charter with a road map to guarantee the rights of all individuals everywhere. In its preamble the Declaration proclaims that '…All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.'

The Netherlands plays an active role in preventing and resolving conflicts around the world, through well-coordinated international cooperation. Through its participation in the United Nations (UN), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the European Union (EU), the Netherlands contributes to international missions in order to bring stability to conflict areas and to prevent the outbreak of new hostilities. Only in certain situations, the Netherlands deploys troops as part of international peacekeeping and security missions. During such international missions Dutch troops assist with reconstruction and development in countries that are (or have been) the site of violent conflict.